Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Symptoms and Treatments

Types of Structural Scoliosis

There are several types of structural scoliosis. In this video, Dr. Joseph will discuss the most common type of scoliosis, review symptoms and outline treatment options available for patients.

Idiopathic Scoliosis

Idiopathic scoliosis accounts for about 8 in 10 cases of scoliosis. This type of scoliosis typically presents during adolescence, but it can also start earlier in childhood or infancy. What causes idiopathic scoliosis is currently unknown. Researchers discovered a gene that is believed to be associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis only a few years ago.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal C-shaped or S-shaped curvature of the spine. The curvature of the spine is measured by the Cobb angle. A Cobb angle greater than 15° is considered scoliosis.

Symptoms of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Symptoms include back pain, unequal leg lengths, uneven hips, uneven shoulders (one shoulder appears higher than the other), abnormal gait, as well as breathing difficulties when the rib cage puts pressure on the lungs. When left untreated, the deformity might progress significantly. For milder cases, your doctor may recommend nonsurgical treatment such as bracing. Braces are usually worn for several hours daily. This can be effective if the child is still growing and has a Cobb angle between 25° and 45°.
In progressive cases, or when the Cobb angle is greater than 45°, your doctor may recommend surgery to straighten and fixate the spine, by placing implants such as screws, rods, hooks, and wires in and along the spine.

Surgery treats but does not cure scoliosis. It corrects the abnormal curvature and prevents further progression of the disease.

Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis requires planning and precision. Each scoliotic curvature has unique challenges, and often the patient’s vertebrae are deformed, twisted and abnormally small, which makes for a challenging surgery. Mazor’s core technology allows surgeons to plan ahead before entering the operating room; Mazor Robotics advanced 3D planning software is used before surgery to create the procedure for each patient’s condition. During the operation, the physician does the actual work; Mazor X guides the surgeon’s tools according to the predetermined blueprint to place the implants.

About Joseph Spine

Joseph Spine is an advanced center for spine, scoliosis and minimally invasive spine surgery. Founded by Dr. Samuel A. Joseph, a fellowship trained, board-certified orthopedic surgeon. His practice includes the specialized, conservative, and surgical care of patients. Treatment includes therapeutic injections, disc replacement surgery, minimally invasive techniques, and complex reconstruction of adult and pediatric spinal disorders. Dr. Joseph is also among a select group of surgeons to offer cutting-edge regenerative injection (stem cell) therapy.

Joseph Spine Advanced Center for Spine Care, Scoliosis and Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Now Open in Brandon, FL

Advanced Spine Care Brandon Florida

Spine and Back Patients in Brandon Florida will find that choosing Joseph Spine will make advanced spine care options, office visits with access to highly trained spine specialists/surgeons, and follow-up appointments easier and less stressful – all important components that our physicians recognize as crucial to patients’ successful healing and recovery.

Spine Conditions

Joseph Spine treats a wide variety of spine disorders such as scoliosis and deformity, kyphosis correction, cervical spine disorders, neck pain, back pain, degenerative disc disease, degenerative spinal conditions, herniated disc, lumbar spine disorders, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and thoracic spine disorders. Joseph Spine treats these conditions with many different techniques.

State-of-the-Art Spine Medicine

A Joseph Spine, our mission is to provide our patients with state of the art spine care. Our spine centers are conveniently located throughout Tampa Bay with offices in Tampa, St. Petersburg and Safety Harbor, and now adding our newest location in Brandon Florida. Our patients come to us in pain and we use our expertise in diagnosis, education, and treatment to help move them forward to improved spine function and health. Our team has over a decade of experience and expertise in providing advanced spinal care and innovative procedures including, but not limited to those below.

  • Pediatric and Adult Spinal Surgeries and Deformities
  • Minimally Invasive Spinal Procedures
  • Robotic-Assisted Surgery
  • Stem Cell Therapy – Regenerative Injection Therapy
  • Interventional Back Pain Management
  • Revision Surgeries

About Joseph Spine

Joseph Spine is an advanced center for spine, scoliosis and minimally invasive surgery. Founded by Dr. Samuel A. Joseph, a fellowship trained, board-certified orthopedic surgeon. His practice includes the specialized, conservative, and surgical care of patients. Treatment includes therapeutic injections, disc replacement surgery, minimally invasive techniques, and complex reconstruction of adult and pediatric spinal disorders. Dr. Joseph is also among a select group of surgeons to offer cutting-edge regenerative injection therapy.

June is National Scoliosis Awareness Month Promoting Early Detection

Joseph Spine supports the Scoliosis Research Society as the promote the growing need for education, early detection and awareness to the public about scoliosis and its prevalence within the community.

Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to abnormally curve sideways, into an “S” or “C” shape. Although many people have not heard of the condition it is surprisingly common, impacting infants, adolescents, and adults of all races, classes and both genders. Approximately one out of every six children diagnosed with scoliosis will have a curve that requires active treatment, sometimes involving surgery. Early diagnosis is the key to taking important first steps to providing treatment that may prevent more serious problems.

National Scoliosis Awareness Month Campaign Objectives:

  • Using the results from the BrAIST Study, highlight the importance of early detection and the effectiveness of bracing as early, non-operative care. Read more on the BrAIST study results.
  • To have every state, district, and commonwealth to officially declare by proclamation their observance of National Scoliosis Awareness Month during the month of June.
  • Increase public awareness of scoliosis and related spinal deformities through educational and advocacy campaigns of local activities, and community events during the month of June and throughout the year
  • Unite scoliosis patients, families, physicians, and clinicians in a collaborative partnership that educate, and advocate, for patient care, patient screening, patient privacy, and patient protection
  • Build networks of community collaborations and alliances to help sustain and grow the campaign

Joseph Spine will be highlighting resources, studies, treatments, and organizations in order to help patients with scoliosis be informed about early detection, treatments and connect scoliosis patients with others that can support them during treatment.

About Joseph Spine

Joseph Spine is an advanced center for spine, scoliosis and minimally invasive surgery. Founded by Dr. Samuel A. Joseph, a fellowship trained, board-certified orthopedic surgeon. His practice includes the specialized, conservative, and surgical care of patients. Treatment includes therapeutic injections, disc replacement surgery, minimally invasive techniques, and complex reconstruction of adult and pediatric spinal disorders. Dr. Joseph is also among a select group of surgeons to offer cutting-edge regenerative injection therapy.

Dr. Samuel A. Joseph Jr. Selected “Tampa Bay’s Top Orthopaedic Spine Surgeon”

Dr. Samuel Joseph, Jr., of Tampa, FL has been honored with the recognition of Tampa Magazine’s Top Doctors, in the category of Orthopaedic Surgery of the Spine.

The doctors selected for Tampa Bay’s Top Doctors have been rated by their peers as doctors with the highest level of ethical standards and professional excellence.

“I am and always have been proud to be a spine surgeon which allows me to help people that have been in a lot of pain,” said Dr. Joseph. “To be able to help my patients that have suffered gives me a great deal of satisfaction. It is a great honor that this recognition of my work comes from the ratings of my peers.”

Dr. Joseph is a board certified, fellowship-trained, orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in advanced spine care. He is the founder of Joseph Spine Advanced Center for Spine, Scoliosis, and Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.

Dr. Samuel Joseph offers the latest technological treatment advances for spine care making Joseph Spine, a comprehensive, multidisciplinary spine care institute designed to create better outcomes for spine and back patients regionally, nationally and internationally.

Dr. Joseph and his family are active members of the Tampa Bay community. They have taken a special interest in the Make a Wish Foundation and its goal of granting wishes and making life better for kids with life-threatening medical conditions. He also lends his time to the Butterfly Foundation, which brings deformity focused spine surgeons and comprehensive teams to developing countries to teach local spine surgeons through didactics, workshops, and surgery on local patients.

What is Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

Dr. Samuel Joseph, spine surgeon located in Tampa, FL, explains the benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery. He also reviews complex spine conditions that can now be treated with minimally invasive spine surgery due to advances in technology.

There have been a lot of new advances in medicine and technology that allow us to do minimally invasive spine surgeries (MISS).

Traditionally open procedures typically require a larger incision, as it is necessary to cut through muscles and pull them out of the way in order to reach the spine. This causes patients a large amount of pain, lots of muscle dissection, blood loss, increases hospitalization, the risk of infection and lengthens recovery time.

Minimally invasive surgery involves a smaller incision, with minimal muscle dissection, and less pain resulting in a faster recovery time, minimal scarring, reduced blood loss and reduced risk of infection. There is rarely a need for a blood transfusion, often there is less need for narcotic pain medications, and usually, no hospital stay.

Let’s review the anatomy of the lumbar spine. The lumbar spine consists of five lumbar vertebrae labeled one through five. So this would be L1, L2, L3. They are separated from one another by these discs, these discs are the spongy portion of the spine that allow the spine to flex and extend. In the back of the spine, there is a tube, the tube consists of fluid and nerves. The nerves exit at various places in the spine. If a disc herniates or if you have a bone spur that can cause pressure on one of these nerves which can cause pain, tingling, numbness, and dysfunction for the patient.

Conditions that may benefit from minimally invasive surgery include spinal stenosis, Bulging or herniated discs, bone spurs, sciatica, leg pain and arm pain.

As we continue to focus on emerging technology and state of the art equipment we have vastly expanded the breadth of spine conditions that can be addressed using minimally invasive techniques.

Today new advances in spine care enable us to undertake a full range of spine disorders, including many complex procedures – such as revision surgeries, multiple-level disease, fusions, compressions, and deformities – all using minimally invasive techniques.

Dr. Joseph, Spine Surgeon Tampa, Offers New Generation of Spine Medicine And New Hope For Patients

Tampa, FL April 7, 2017 – Dr. Samuel Joseph offers the latest technological treatment advances for Spine Care making Joseph Spine Advanced Center for Spine, Scoliosis, and Minimally Invasive Surgery, a comprehensive, multidisciplinary spine care program designed to create better outcomes for patients regionally, nationally and internationally.

Dr. Joseph’s practice includes the specialized, conservative, and surgical care of patients. Treatment includes therapeutic injections, disc replacement surgery, minimally invasive techniques, and complex reconstruction of adult and pediatric spinal disorders.

He is among a select group of surgeons to offer cutting edge regenerative injection therapy (RIT), a procedure that harnesses the body’s natural ability to heal itself. Joseph Spine utilizes Lipogems® for stem cell therapy.

Dr. Joseph has used his training and experience to become a leader nationwide on revision surgery for patients who have experienced failed surgery in the past.

Teaching Engagements

Dr. Joseph is active in teaching his minimally invasive techniques, complex scoliosis procedures and revision strategies to surgeons across the United States, as well as internationally, including China, Russia, Poland, Turkey, Ukraine, and Switzerland.

Dr. Joseph has published numerous articles in neurosurgical and orthopedic spine journals. His research on scoliosis, degenerative disc disease, and spinal surgery in the elderly has been presented at many international meetings including the International Meeting for Advanced Spinal Techniques.

Philanthropic Endeavors

Dr. Joseph and his family are active members of the Tampa Bay community. They have taken a special interest in the Make a Wish Foundation and its goal of granting wishes and making life better for kids with life-threatening medical conditions. He also lends his time to the Butterfly Foundation, which brings deformity focused spine surgeons and comprehensive teams to developing countries to teach local spine surgeons through didactics, workshops, and surgery on local patients.

New Generation, Patient-Focused Treatment of Spinal Conditions Is the Focus of Newly Opened Joseph Spine Center

Tampa, FL – March 2, 2017 – Joseph Spine, recently opened it doors in December of 2016, with spine centers in Tampa, St. Petersburg and Safety Harbor Florida.

Joseph Spine’s patient-focused spine care program operates under Dr. Samuel A. Joseph, Jr., who is committed to finding the best treatment approach for each patient.

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